Magnesium plays an important role in regulating the neuromuscular activity of the heart; maintains normal heart rhythm; necessary for proper calcium & Vitamin C metabolism; converts blood sugar into energy and is increasingly associated with proper sleep and brain function [MORE].
Manganese is necessary for bone, skin, and ligament formation, blood clotting and proper insulin function. It is also an enzyme activator and is said to help in the utilization of Vitamin B-1 and Iron.
Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland, a pea-size structure at the center of the brain, as our eyes register the fall of darkness.” At night melatonin is produced to help our bodies regulate our sleep-wake cycles. The amount of melatonin produced by our body seems to lessen as we get older. Scientists believe this may be why young people have less problem sleeping than older people. Melatonin may have many other uses and has been reported to make people feel better, strengthen the immune system, and reduce free radicals in the body. Current research is underway to determine melatonin’s effect as an anti-oxidant, immno-modulator in cancer, delayed sleep-phase disorders, and jet lag. Melatonin is one of the least toxic substances known. People have taken as much as 6 grams (600 to 3000 times the normal dosage) of the substance in carefully monitored studies with no sign of toxicity. [MORE]
Methionine is another essential amino acid. It is a principle supplier of sulfur which helps prevent disorders of the hair, skin and nails; helps lower cholesterol levels by increasing the liver’s production of lecithin; reduces liver fat and protects the kidneys; is a natural chelating agent for heavy metals and body detoxification; helps regulates the formation of ammonia and creates ammonia-free urine which reduces bladder irritation; and may positively influence hair follicles and promote hair growth. The many benefits of eating plants containing all the essential amino acids daily is gaining increased consumer awareness. Body builders have been long aware of the muscle growing implications of taking protein supplements which essentially are compositions of the essential and non-essential amino acids, all considered protein building blocks. See Amino Acids herein for more information.
Milk Thistle’s chemicals known as silymarin are proven safe and best known for protecting the liver through numerous scientific and clinical studies. The liver is an overworked organ that detoxifies blood and performs numerous vital functions. Silymarin in the milk thistle extract is known to protect the liver by strengthening the outer membranes of liver cells, which prevents toxins from entering the cells. Silymarin also stimulates protein synthesis in liver cells, which helps to regenerate and repair the liver. Milk-thistle silymarin compounds are also strong antioxidants, and have been shown to reduce damage to liver cells caused by repeated use of some prescription drugs, and may protect liver from alcohol (ethanolic damage), cirrhosis, hepatitis, and pollutants. Recent studies have shown that Milk Thistle Extract may also be beneficial for reducing the chance for certain cancers [MORE].
Aggressive farming techniques have deprived many of our formerly rich soils of their mineral content. The erosion of our top soils has washed away many important minerals and trace minerals into the oceans and seas. Synthetic fertilizers applied to exhausted soils bind many of the trace minerals, making them unavailable to plant life. Electrolytes have a broad list of functions in the body including, aiding the conduction of nerve impulses, helping to generate muscle contractions, and regulating the heart beat.
Backed by centuries of Asian herbalist use and solid scientific research, supplemental medicinal use of mushrooms is gaining tremendous popularity. Medicinal mushrooms help restore the competency of the immune system and improve the outcome for people with a variety of serious illnesses including cancer, hepatitis, liver sclerosis and other conditions where effective non-toxic treatment options are limited [MORE].
MSM (methyl sulfonyl methane)
One of the most important raw materials for building healthy new cells is a form of organic sulfur known as methyl sulfonyl methane (MSM). This element is so essential to life that it is found in every cell of every plant and every animal (like choline). Sulfur makes up 0.25% of human body weight. However neither plants nor animals can use elemental sulfur directly. Sulfur is not easily available to living organisms in its inorganic form. MSM is not a medicine, a drug, or a food additive. It is a food. MSM is an organic form of sulfur that can be easily absorbed and utilized by the body [MORE].
Cysteine is an amino acid that can be found in many proteins throughout the body. When used as a supplements, it is usually in the form of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). The body converts this to cysteine and then to glutathione, a powerful universal antioxidant.
NAC can help prevent side effects caused by drug reactions and toxic chemicals, and helps break down mucus in the body. It appears to have benefits in treating some respiratory conditions, such as bronchitis and COPD. [MORE]
NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
NAD and NDAH are considered co-enzymes. The enzymes that make and use NAD+ and NADH are important in both current pharmacology and the research into future treatments for disease. The coenzyme NAD+ is not itself currently used as a treatment for any disease but is potentially useful in the therapy of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’sand Parkinson disease. Evidence on the use of NAD+ in neurodegeneration is mixed; studies in mice are promising,whereas a placebo-controlled clinical trial failed to show any effect.NAD+ is also a direct target of the drug isoniazid, which is used in the treatment of tuberculosis, an infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. NAD and NADH may be useful as anti-cancer, anti-viral, or immune suppressive applications and for life extension objectives. Antioxidant compounds such as resveratrol increase the activity of these enzymes, which may be important in their ability to delay aging in both vertebrate and invertebrate organisms.
The benefits of nattokinase is supported by strong research showing benefits in areas such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, angina, venous stasis, thrombosis, emboli, atherosclerosis, fibro-myalgia/chronic fatigue, claudication, retinal pathology, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, soft tissue rheumatisms, muscle spasm, poor healing, chronic inflammation and pain, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, tissue-oxygen deprivation, infertility, and other gynecology conditions (e.g. endometriosis, uterine fibroids). The Japanese natto plant is the primary source of supplemental nattokinase. People on heart medications should not use this supplement unless closely monitored by their doctors as it used widely around the world as a natural blood pressure regulator.
Studies indicate that octacosanol allows for the efficient conversion of food and storage fuels into biological energy, resulting in increased muscle strength, endurance, vigor, quicker reaction and faster recovery times. Studies found that octacosanol had promising effects on endurance, reaction time, and other measures of exercise capacity. In another trial of octa-cosanol was found to improve grip strength and visual reaction time.
Some of the unique properties of olive leaf are as follows: An ability to interfere with critical amino acid production essential for the survival of viruses; An ability to contain viral infection and/or spread of it by inactivating the viruses or by preventing virus shedding, budding, or assembly at the cell membrane; The ability to directly penetrate infected cells and stop viral replication; In the case of retroviruses, olive leaf extract is able to neutralize the production of transcriptase (a protease), which is essential for enabling retroviruses such as HIV to alter the RNA of a healthy cell; and It can stimulate phagocytosis, an immune system response in which cells ingest harmful microorganisms and foreign matter (such as bacteria and viruses.) Olive leaf extract has been shown to be effective against herpes, flu and colds, bacterial infections, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic fatigue syndrome, allergies, vaginal yeast infections, skin conditions, malaria, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
OMEGA FATTY ACIDS
Omega fatty acids, in particular Omega 3s (like EPA and DHA) are the rage it seems today. OFAs are present ion many animal and plant tissues. OFAs from fish, krill or grass fed land animals is concidered more bio-available than plant based EFAs by many although this remains controversial. The greatest problem in the use of fish oild derived EFA supplements today is quality. Since most people take soft gels, the quality and lack of toxicity is an issue. High quality supplements cost more but are worth every penny as rancidity and toxins are common in low priced EFA products. EFAs have the potential for improving the health of the cardio-vascular system, brain performance, anti-aging and other benefits. Medical reports show that as the amount of DHA (an EFA 3) in the diet increases, the risk of coronary heart disease decreases. DHA lowers serum cholesterol & triglyceride levels, make your blood less viscous, thinner & less sticky, less prone to clump together. DHA is a major component of the brain and retina, and has a possible role in nerve transmission [MORE].
Ornithine is a non-essential amino acid that promotes release of growth hormone, metabolizes fats, necessary for proper immune function, detoxes aids liver regenration, high concentrations in the skin, and connective tissues, pheals damaged tissues CONTRA – pregnant women, schizos, children. Promotes growth hormone, reduces exces fat, helps detox and aids liver regeneration, (good with arginine and carnitine ) high levels found in skin and connective tissues promotes healing and repairing damaged tissue. contraindication for schizophrenia and children … pregnant women adnd nursing moms without doctor recommendation
PABA (Para Amino Benzoic Acid)
PABA aids healthy bacteria in producing folic acid; aids in the formation of red blood cells; contains sun screening properties; aids in the assimilation of Pantothenic Acid; returns hair to its natural color.
Pantothenic Acid participates in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats & protein; aids in the utilization of vitamins; improves the body’s resistance to stress; helps in cell building & the development of the central nervous system; helps the adrenal glands, and fights infections by building antibodies.
Papain is a protein-cleaving enzyme derived from the tropical fruit papaya. Enzymes are complex molecules that catalyze (speed up) chemical reactions within the cell. Papain has a mild, soothing effect on the stomach and aids in protein digestion.
PHENYLALANINE (Essential Amino Acid)
Phenylalanine is used by the brain to produce Norepinephrine, a neurotransmitter chemical that transmits signals between nerve cells in the brain; keeps you awake & alert; reduces hunger pains; functions as an antidepressant and helps improve memory [MORE].
Phytic acid can be found in most grains, seeds and beans but is not a well understood nutrient. Rich sources of phytic acid are wheat bran and flaxseed (3 % phytic acid). Phytic acid has been considered as an anti-nutritional component in cereals, seeds and beans. Research has traditionally focused on its structure that gives it the ability to bind minerals, proteins and starch, and the resulting lower absorption of these elements. However, resent research have shown that phytic acid has many health benefits. Phytic acid has antioxidant, anticancer, hypocholesterolemic and hypolipidemic effects. In animal studies phytic acid showed a protective action in carcinogenesis. This action could be explained by its mineral chelating potential. Some studies suggest that phytic acid acts as anti-cancer agent by reversing the proliferative effects of carcinogens. Phytic acid may have health benefits for diabetes patients. It lowers blood glucose response by reducing the rate of starch digestion and slowing the gastric emptying. Phytic acid releases inositol that during digestion. Although inositol is not an essential nutrient it might reduce depressions. Studies also show that phytic acid may reduce inflammation.
Phospholipids are a class of lipids and are a major component of all cell membranes. Lipids are a broad group of naturally occurring molecules which includes fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides,phospholipids, and others. The main biological functions of lipids include energy storage, as structural components of cell membranes, and as important signaling molecules. Although the term lipid is sometimes used as a synonym for fats, fats are a subgroup of lipids called triglycerides. Lipids also encompass molecules such as fatty acids and their derivatives (including tri-, di-, and monoglycerides and phospholipids), as well as other sterol-containing metabolites such as cholesterol. Although humans and other mammals use various biosynthetic pathways to both break down and synthesize lipids, some essential lipids cannot be made this way and must be obtained from the diet. Phosphatidylcholine (and bitartrate) See Choline
Phosphatidyl-Serine POTASSIUM ASPARTATE.
Electrolytes like potassium have a broad list of functions in the body including, aiding the conduction of nerve impulses, helping to generate muscle contractions, and regulating the heart beat. Potassium also maintains a normal water balance between the cells and body fluids, maintaining cellular enzyme functioning, while participating in protein synthesis and carbohydrate metabolism.
Polypodium Leucotomos (skin, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant)
Polypodium leucotomos is a type of fern native to certain tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas such as Honduras. Experimental studies with extracts of polypodium leucotomos have shown potent antioxidant effects. Other experimental studies show that Polypodium leucotomos extract reduces pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemicals that damage tissues when produced in excess. For over thirty years, extracts of Polypodium leucotomos have been used in Europe, Central, and South America to protect against the damaging effects of skin sensitizers and ultraviolet light therapy for the treatment of patients with psoriasis, an inflammatory skin condition characterized by silvery plaques on the skin. A clinical study showed that psoriasis patients’ skin had significantly less damage from ultraviolet light when these volunteers were given an extract of Polypodium as compared with those study volunteers given placebo. Another clinical study in patients with vitiligo (a skin condition characterized by areas of unsightly skin color mottling) showed improvement in areas of skin depigmentation when treated with ultraviolet light and 250 mg. three times daily of Polypodium leucotomos extract compared with placebo.
PREGNENOLONE (Brain/AntiAging/Mood/Energy/DeTox/Inflammation/Nervous System)
The body makes pregnenolone out of cholesterol. Our body’s production of pregnenolone declines with age. Pregnenolone has been found to improve memory, reduce stress and enhance DHEA levels, strengthen the myelin sheath membranes that are vital to the healthy functioning of our brains and nervous systems, is the basic precursor for the production of ALL the human steroid hormones, reduce the negative effects of the adrenal stress steroid hormone Cortisol. Cortisol is toxic at high levels, reduce allergic reactions, improve mood, help arthritis, protect mitochondria, help depression, and help detoxify various poisons [MORE].
Probiotics are great for gastrointestinal health and are associated with a decreased infection, lower inflammation rates and increased nutrient absorption. Advancements in supplement manufacturing processes now enables stable bio-available dried probiotic ingredients now common in all advanced product formulations. Prior to this advancement probiotic supplements needed to be refrigerated. While yogurt and fermented products are considered good sources of probiotics, they really do not contain adequate amounts to assure healthy bacteria flora in your digestive tract and regular supplementation with probiotic and digestive enzyme supplements are recommended for optimal health, proper nutrient absorption and waste elimination [MORE].
Progesterone is an essential hormone that helps regulate female menstrual cycles and impacts fertility. By a women’s late 20s or 30s, progesterone levels significant drop. It could be from taking birth control pills (which suppresses progesterone production) or from stress. Adrenal glands produce progesterone, and dealing with stress diverts the body away from this production. Progesterone is an essential hormone that assists in holding the pregnancy. If Progesterone levels drop, either infertility or miscarriage can occur. Low levels of progesterone also contribute to menopausal symptoms [MORE].
Propolis is derived from bee activity to protect their hives from infection and bacteria. It is increasingly used in many products [more].
Proteins are perhaps the most important class of biochemical molecules essential for life. Proteins are the foundation of all human tissue.
Proteins are natural polymer molecules consisting ofamino acid units. The number of amino acids in proteins may range from two to several thousand.
Animal verses plant proteins probably have the same effect on health. The source of protein makes a big difference in bio-availability and overall health. Vegetable sources of protein generally offer more healthy fiber, vitamins and minerals. Some protein sources contains all the amino acids needed. These are called “complete proteins.” Animal sources of protein tend to be complete. Other protein sources lack one or more “essential” amino acids—that is, amino acids that the body can’t make from scratch or create by modifying another amino acid. Called incomplete proteins, these usually come from fruits, vegetables, grains, and nuts. Vegetarians need to be aware of this [MORE].
Pycnogenol is the trade name of a commercial mixture of bioflavonoids (catechins, phenolic acid, proan, thocyanidins) that exhibits antioxidative activity, according to researchers doing animal studies at the University of Arizona.
BODY helps prevent sugar and protein protects against glycation .. Aids against nonfunctional structure formation in body.
Quercetin is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, protecting cellular structures and blood vessels from the damaging effects of free radicals. It improves blood-vessel strength (capillary fragility). Quercetin inhibits the activity of an enzyme (catechol-O-methyltransferase) that breaks down the neurotransmitter norepinephrine. This effect may lead to elevated levels of norepinephrine neurotransmitter and an increase in energy expenditure (thermogenesis) and fat oxidation. It also means quercetin acts as an antihistamine leading to relief of allergies and asthma. As an antioxidant, it reduces LDL cholesterol and offers protection from heart disease. Quercetin blocks an enzyme that leads to accumulation of sorbitol, which has been linked to nerve, eye, and kidney damage in diabetics. It may prevent cataract formation [MORE].